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TUCSON, Ariz. (AP) — The number of people who died trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border has dropped to the lowest level in 15 years as more immigrants turned themselves in to authorities in Texas and fewer took their chances with the dangerous trek across the Arizona desert.
The U.S. government recorded 307 deaths in the 2014 fiscal year that ended in September — the lowest number since 1999. In 2013, the number of deaths was 445.
The Border Patrol's Rio Grande Valley sector finished the 2014 budget year with 115 deaths, compared with 107 in the Tucson sector, according to figures obtained by The Associated Press. It marks the first time since 2001 that Arizona has not been the deadliest place to cross the border.
Arizona has long been the most dangerous border region because of triple-digit temperatures, rough desert terrain and the sheer volume of immigrants coming in to the state from Mexico. But more immigrants are now entering through Texas and not Arizona, driven by a surge of people from Central America.
The Tucson and Rio Grande Valley both saw their numbers of deaths decline from 2013, although Arizona's drop was more precipitous.
Border enforcement officials say the lower numbers are in part due to increased rescue efforts as well as a Spanish-language media campaign discouraging Latin Americans from walking across the border.
Tucson Sector Division Chief Raleigh Leonard says the addition of 10 new rescue beacons that were strategically placed in areas where immigrants traverse most often has been a factor in the decrease in deaths.
"I think we can all agree that crossing the border is an illegal act, but nothing that should be assigned the penalty of death," Leonard said in an interview.
Immigrant rights advocates are skeptical that it is solely the Border Patrol's efforts contributing to the decrease in deaths.
"At best, what the Border Patrol is accomplishing is a geographical shift in where these deaths are happening — rather than adequately responding to the scale of the crisis," said Geoffrey Boyce, a border enforcement and immigration researcher at the University of Arizona and a volunteer with the Tucson-based nonprofit No More Deaths.
The Rio Grande Valley sector was flooded with a surge in unaccompanied minors and families with children who turned themselves in at border crossings in Texas. Most were from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, where gang violence and a poor economy have driven out huge numbers of people. That surge has dwindled recently, however, as U.S. and Central American authorities have launched a public relations campaign warning parents against sending their children to the U.S.
Meanwhile, the Tucson Sector, once the busiest in the nation, has seen a steep decline in border crossers. Fewer Mexicans are crossing into the U.S. as the economy here has faltered and drug violence at home has improved.
The Border Patrol also responds to hundreds of cases each year of immigrants who need to be rescued while crossing the desert, long an issue in the Arizona desert. The Border Patrol conducted 509 rescues in the 2014 fiscal year in the Tucson sector, compared to 802 in 2013.
Some of the rescues are made with the help of beacons that were activated 142 times this year. The beacons are 30-feet tall, solar-powered and have sun reflectors and blue lights on top that are visible for 10 miles. The beacons also have signs in three languages directing users to push a red button that sends out a signal for help. Agents respond usually within 10 minutes to an hour.
The agency has a team dedicated solely to rescues, called Border Patrol Search, Trauma, and Rescue.
Agents in this elite group spend their days searching for immigrants and responding when one seeks help. They assist not only those who cross the border in search for jobs, but also drug mules and smugglers who become injured or dehydrated in the summer heat.
It was only 10 a.m. and already 95 degrees on a day in late June when the unit's agents provided medical assistance to a 28-year-old man suspected of smuggling drugs near Sells, Arizona.
The thin man had an ID from El Salvador and said he lived in Tucson. He oscillated between Spanish and English, but his message was the same: He was in extreme pain.
The agents gave him a gallon of a sports beverage. He was to drink it slowly, they told him, or else it would make him sick. Next, they connected a saline bag intravenously and checked his vitals.
The agents monitored him and re-examined his vitals, concluding that he wasn't dehydrated but suffering from muscle fatigue. Minutes later, agents who used a drug-sniffing K-9 to search the area found several bundles of marijuana and another suspected smuggler.
The men were arrested on suspicion of being in the country illegally, but were not charged with smuggling because the loads of marijuana were not found on them.
"To us, it could be a mule, an illegal immigrant. They're all the same. They're human beings," Leonard said.
Solar Sox infeilder Daniel Robertson throws the ball to first during the Fall League baseball game between the Solar Sox and Scorpions at Scottsdale Stadium on Monday, Oct. 13, 2014.
Chandler resident Evan Brioch, 2, during the Fall League baseball game between the Solar Sox and Scorpions at Scottsdale Stadium on Monday, Oct. 13, 2014. It was Brioch's first baseball game.
Chandler residents Ryan and Evan Brioch, 2, during the Fall League baseball game between the Solar Sox and Scorpions at Scottsdale Stadium on Monday, Oct. 13, 2014. It was Evan's first baseball game.
Chandler resident Evan Brioch, 2, plays catch with his father Ryan during the Fall League baseball game between the Solar Sox and Scorpions at Scottsdale Stadium on Monday, Oct. 13, 2014. It was Evan's first baseball game.
Q: Why are you running?
Q. Why are you running
Avnet’s Tempe facility recently turned on a new 1,000 kilowatt solar project that should provide much of the facility’s power.
Rotary started in February 1905 when Chicago lawyer Paul Harris and three friends met after dinner. The idea was to have a new club in which businessmen could get together periodically to get better acquainted. They rotated their meetings each week to the business of a member. Over the next few years Rotary transformed into a civic service club, spread across the United States and then around the world. Eventually Rotary came to Arizona and in 1914, the 100th Rotary Club was organized in Phoenix.
Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
As the home to Arizona State University, Tempe is a vibrant and progressive college town that is always on the move. Located at the center of the Valley and surrounded by five freeways and just minutes from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Tempe is the perfect place to do business or for visitors to enjoy vacations.
Two Tempe City Council incumbents have been thrust into a runoff scenario against each other by a former state legislator and a first-time politician.
For David Williams, the Final Frontier was just a beginning.
The East Valley Institute of Technology is still accepting enrollment for the 2014-15 school year in most classes, including the new Future Engineers program at the East Campus.
I am disheartened to hear of the Arizona Department of Revenue’s recent decision to promote a new tax on Arizona homeowners who take advantage of solar energy.
Gameday Futbol at SMG
Calling it unfair — and fearing loss of business — the state's solar industry called on Gov. Jan Brewer on Wednesday to overrule a decision by her Department of Revenue that the rooftop panels they lease are taxable.
Welcome and thank you to the friends, faculty, and family that are present to witness this incredible event. And congratulations to the Campo Verde Class of 2014.
The final steps Tempe took to complete a solar project are part of a larger plan to make the city more sustainable while emphasizing green technology.
Urbanites nostalgic about childhood camping trips — or wanting to try tent camping for the first time — are often daunted by logistical challenges, like figuring out where to go and what to bring, and anxieties about diving headlong into the unfamiliar wilderness.
Bonded Logic makes home products from recycled textiles. But the Chandler-based company didn’t consider itself as environmentally friendly as possible.
The Campo Verde High School Orchestra will host a fundraising concert on May 3 at 7 p.m. in the Campo Verde Auditorium. The Freedom Rock Experience will feature the C.T.S. rock group, who will play compositions with the students.
Arizonans will soon learn what they need to do to survive electromagnetic Armageddon — assuming they survive the blast that causes it in the first place.
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