The Fourth of July is more than just fireworks, barbecues and a day off work — it’s a celebration of America’s heritage. On July 4, 1776, the United States announced its independence from Great Britain with the Declaration of Independence.
1. What was the first city or town to officially designate July 4 as a holiday?
A: Boston first designated July 4 a holiday in 1783. In 1870 the first federal legislation was passed giving federal employees a “day off” from work, but without pay.
2. Who wrote the Pledge of Allegiance?
A: Francis Bellamy, a Baptist minister, wrote the original Pledge of Allegiance in August 1892.
3. “E Pluribus Unum” was one of the first mottos adopted by the United States government. It appears on the Great Seal of the United States as well as most U.S. currency. What does it mean?
A: Translated from Latin, it most closely means “out of many, (is) one” or “from many, (comes) one.”
4. How many representatives are there in Congress? How many does Arizona have?
A: Congress has 435 representatives, eight of whom represent Arizona.
5. Arizona leads the nation in production of what mineral?
A: Arizona leads the nation in copper production. This is the reason for the copper star in the center of the state flag.
6. Why is the White House painted white?
A: The White House was originally painted white to cover scorch marks that were left when the British army set fire to it during the war of 1812.
7. Who was the youngest president?
A: At the age of 42, Theodore Roosevelt became the youngest president after the assassination of President William McKinley. Roosevelt wasn’t actually elected president until the age of 46. John F. Kennedy was the youngest president ever elected, at 43.
8. Who was Arizona’s first cowboy movie star?
A: Arizona ’s first cowboy movie star was a woman named Dorothy Fay Southworth of Prescott.
9. What are the official state colors of Arizona?
A: Blue and gold are the official colors of Arizona.
10. Arizona was the 48th and last of the contiguous states admitted to the Union. On what date?
A: Feb. 14, 1912.