Bill would move Arizona presidential preference primary to same date as Iowa caucus - East Valley Tribune: Politics

Bill would move Arizona presidential preference primary to same date as Iowa caucus

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Posted: Wednesday, January 2, 2013 4:34 pm | Updated: 4:41 pm, Mon Jan 7, 2013.

A Republican state lawmaker wants to be sure Arizonans actually have a real voice in deciding who will run for president in 2016.

Legislation crafted by Rep. Phil Lovas of Peoria would automatically set the date for the state's presidential preference primary on the same day of the Iowa political caucus. That would force the Hawkeye State to share its current billing as the first political event of the season equally with the Grand Canyon State.

And it would not matter if Iowa tried to change its date in a bid to remain first: HB 2017 would have Arizona follow suit, automatically.

Lovas said the presidential field in his own Republican party started off with a broad set of choices: Nine contenders participated in Iowa's caucus just a year ago today (eds: jan. 3, 2012).

By the time of Arizona's Feb. 28 primary, not only Iowa had weighed in but so had voters in New Hampshire, South Carolina, Florida, Nevada, Colorado, Minnesota, Missouri and Maine. And the field had been pared to just four.

Four years earlier, by the time Arizona had its primary, Republicans were essentially left with a two-way race between Mitt Romney and eventual nominee John McCain, with a weaker showing by Mike Huckabee. Democrats, with an open primary in 2008, got to choose between Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, with a few votes for John Edwards.

"Quite frankly, for 40-plus years Iowa and New Hampshire have helped essentially determine who is or who is not the nominee for both parties,'' Lovas said Wednesday. "And I feel as though Arizona voters are being disenfranchised.''

Lovas said he's not being a sore loser. He said he was a supporter of Romney, the GOP's eventual 2012 nominee.

"But I would have liked to see a lot more of Tim Pawlenty,'' he said.

There already is some flexibility in Arizona law to do what Lovas wants without legislative action.

The law sets Arizona's election for the fourth Tuesday in February. But it gives the governor permission to schedule an earlier primary as long as she sets the date at least 150 days ahead of time.

In fact, Gov. Jan Brewer made some noise about doing just that last year, proposing a Jan. 31 vote. But that started a national ripple effect.

The chairman of the South Carolina Republican Party, the first state after Iowa and New Hampshire, said he has the unilateral power to set his state's GOP primary. And he said there was no way he was going to allow Arizona to get ahead -- or even vote on the same day.

New Hampshire law requires its presidential primary be at least a week before any other similar election. And Iowa started making noise that its party caucuses, a different process than a primary set by party rules, requires it to be ahead of New Hampshire.

In the end, Brewer backed down. And the Republican Party, in what officials insisted was not a payoff to Brewer for defusing a fight, agreed to have one of its debates in Arizona.

But there are ways for political parties to exert their will on Arizona and protect Iowa and New Hampshire: Those states which violate the rules can lose half the delegates to the national convention.

In fact, the state got just 29 Republican delegates last year, half of its allocation, after going ahead with the primary even on Feb. 28.

Lovas said he's not concerned.

"I don't think they're going to want to risk alienating Arizona,'' he said, saying this state is becoming far more representative of what both parties see as their future.

"Democrats want to turn this state a little bit more purple,'' he said, cutting into the edge Republicans have had for decades. "For Republicans, it's important to speak to Latino voters,'' Lovas continued, echoing a theme some GOP officials have stated since Romney's loss in November.

More to the point, Lovas said, even if the number of delegates is slashed, winning Arizona will still be a plum that early contenders want to pocket.

"We will get the candidates,'' he said.

Gubernatorial press aide Matthew Benson said Brewer, whose power to set the primary date would be overruled, had not seen the legislation and had no comment.

Politics aside, Lovas said there's an economic benefit to an early primary: More candidates mean more candidate visits, complete with meals and lodging for their staffs. There also would be more advertising and even more reporters coming here to spend money.

A study done last year by a researcher at the University of New Hampshire, just ahead of that state's primary, put the economic impact of the 2000 race there at about $260 million, though much of that was in media buys.

Lovas said he's willing to back down if the national parties come up with something more fair, perhaps on the order of regional primaries. That would mean one year the Northeast states would have their primaries first, then another year led by Southwest states and another where those in the South or Midwest go first.

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